Port Waratah Coal Services - Kooragang Coal Terminal

Kooragang Coal Terminal, located on 265 hectares of land on Kooragang Island, began operating in 1984. "Kooragang" is an Aboriginal word meaning place where birds gather (or alternatively, place of many birds).

Originally managed by BHP, Port Waratah Coal Services (PWCS) purchased the Kooragang facility in 1990. In the period from 1994-2011, PWCS invested $1.6 billion to expand the shiploading capacity of this terminal to 108 Million tonnes per annum (Mtpa).

PWCS has a combined development approval capacity of 145 Mtpa from its Kooragang and Carrington Terminals. The current combined throughput capacity of PWCS is 113 Mtpa.

Coal Receival
3 x 8,500 tph rail capacity

Coal Stockpiles
4 x 2.5 kilometres x 56 metres
4,200,000 tonnes max capacity
2,700,000 tonnes working capacity
6 x 8,500 tph stacking capacity

Coal Loading
4 x 8,000 tph reclaiming capacity
3 x 10,500 tph shiploading capacity

Vessel Capacity
Berth space for 4 vessels

210,000 dwt max
300 metres max length
50 metres max beam
70,000 dwt man capacity

Port Waratah Coal Services - Carrington Coal Terminal

The Carrington terminal, located on 51 hectares in Newcastle NSW, began operating in 1976 with an initial ship loading capacity of 16 million tonnes per year.

Expansion at the terminal has increased the ship loading capacity to 25 million tonnes per year. This capacity remains the same currently even though some of the conveyor systems and machines have been decommissioned.

Coal Receival
1 x 4,400 & 1 x 4,600 tph rail capacity
1 x 2,200 tph road capacity

Coal Stockpiles
4 x 1.0 kilometres x 40 metres
750,000 tonnes max capacity
400,000 tonnes working capacity
4 x 2,500 tph stacking capacity

Coal Loading
3 x 2,500 tph reclaiming capacity
2 x 2,500 tph shiploading capacity

Berth space for 2 vessels
16.5 metres depth at berth
15.2 metres approach to channel
Vessel Capacity 180,000 dwt max
275 metres max length
47 metres max beam
30,000 dwt min capacity

Port Waratah Coal Services web site --> www.pwcs.com.au

Newcastle Coal Infrastructure Group - Kooragang Island Terminal

Newcastle Coal Infrastructure Group Pty Limited (NCIG) owns and operates one of Australia's largest coal export terminals with rail, storage and shiploading facilities and associated infrastructure.

NCIG's Terminal began operations in 2010 and has a current installed capacity of 53 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa). NCIG is currently completing an expansion (Stage Three) which will increase installed capacity by 13 Mtpa to the planned maximum capacity of 66 Mtpa. Components of the terminal inlcude:

Inbound System - incorporating rail sidings and rail balloon loop, dump stations and two inbound sampling stations. The inbound system unloads trains and feeds coal into the stockyard area

Stockyards - four stockyards (increasing to five) in total with three combined stacker reclaimers. The stockyard provides for stacking coal, then storing the coal before reclaiming the coal to send to the wharf

Outbound System - incorporates two buffer bins, two outbound sample stations, two shiploaders and two wharves (increasing to three). The outbound system loads coal into vessels.

Stockyard capacity

4.4 million tonnes (expanding to 6.1 milion tonnes)

Stacking Capacity

3 x 8,500 tonnes per hour

Reclaiming Capacity

8,500 tonnes per hour

Coal Loading Capacity

10,500 tonnes per hour average


Berth space for two vessels (increasing to three)

Kooragang 2 Berth

Kooragang 2 Berth is a common user bulk berth that has two 18 tonne gantry cranes used to unload dry bulk products such as fertilisers, phosphatic rock, ores and meals. These are capable of unloading at a rate of 600 tonnes per hour.

State of the art dust extractors are installed on both gantries and a ship loader is attached to one of the gantry cranes.

Two bunker storage areas are also available (15,000 tonnes each). The ship loader is also used to load woodchips and sands while vegetable oil vessels also use the berth.

Kooragang 3 Berth

Kooragang 3 Berth is owned by Newcastle Port Corporation and  a purpose designed ship unloading and storage facility handling alumina and petroleum coke which are raw materials for an aluminium smelter at Tomago.

The vacuum unloaders and transfer facilities are owned and operated by a joint venture company called Kooragang Bulk Facilities which operates and maintains storage areas on behalf of the smelter.

Length: 190m
Design ship size: 74,000dwt
Two vacuum unloaders with a maximum 550 tonnes per hour capacity
Maximum outreach of the unloaders is 23 metres.

Storage facilities
Tomago Aluminium
Two coke storage silos 16,000t each
Two alumina storage silos 35,000t each
One alumina storage silo 32,000

Western Basin 3 Berth

GrainCorp operates a grain export faciity from Western Basin 3 Berth

Main Storage Capacity
56 bins at 1,800 tonnes (fumigable)
9 bins at 400 tonnes (fumigable)
24 bins at 1,800 tonnes (non-fumigable)
42 bins at 400 tonnes (non-fumigable)
Total capacity (nom.)

100,800 tonnes
3,600 tonnes
43,200 tonnes
16,800 tonnes
164,000 tonne

Western Storage Capacity
20 bins at 1,000 tonnes (fumigable)
8 bins at 280 tonnes (fumigable)
4 bins at 400 tonnes (non-fumigable)
Total capacity (nom.)

20,000 tonnes
2,240 tonnes
1,600 tonnes
23,840 tonnes

Receival Capacity
No. of rail receival hoppers
Rail inloading rate
No. of road receival hoppers
Road inloading rate
No. of ship loaders
Ship outloading rate
Road outload capacity
Rail outload capacity
Grain grading

4 tracks with 4 hoppers each
2,700 tph
600 tph
4,000 tph
300 tph

Shipping Berth
Ship capacity
Berth length
Berth depth
Airdraft at high tide of 1.6m
Max. outreach of spouts
Min. outreach of spouts

60,500 DWT**

Frozen orange juice concentrate is imported across Western Basin 3 by CitroVita Juice Terminals to its nearby facility.

Western Basin 4 Berth

This berth has the only berth-face rail line on the eastern coast of Australia. A 1.5ha wharf storage area is designed for heavy forklift axle loads. Cargoes include rain wagons, locomotives, farm marchinery, mining equipment and other heavy loads.

Dyke 2 Berth

Dyke 2 Berth is owned by Newcastle Port Corporation while the bulk loader and storage facilities are owned by ConPorts. The facility exports ore concentrates from mines in Western NSW and can accommodate vessels up to 40,000 DWT with maximum beam of 26m.

The berth structure is comprised of concrete dolphins on steel piles and interconnecting walkways. Ore is transported by rail to the facility in specially modified wagons. Product is dumped from the rail wagons and stored in a shed with 40,000 tonne capacity.

There is one shiploader with a 17m outreach. Actual throughput is 1200 tonnes per hour. Berth depth is 12.8m.

Eastern Basin Distribution Centre (EBDC)

Newcastle Port Corporation owns East Basin 1 and 2 Berths and leases them to Eastern Basin Distribution Centre.

This multi purpose cargo handling facility provides a wide range of break-bulk and containerised cargo handling services.


Berth depth
Channel depth



Maximum Size of Vessel


To 262m
Up to 35m (limited by Basin Cut)
To 70,000

Berth Structure


Reinforced concrete deck on concrete/steel piles

Cargo Storage
Storage Capacity/Area (Open)
Undercover Storage
Off Wharf Storage (Rail Access)


Directly behind berth
4 hectares 
7,120 m
10,000 m

Cargo Handling Equipment

EBDC provides ready access to rail services. A fleet of on-site forklifts and other lifting equipment, including a 32-tonne Container Fork is available. Cargoes handled include steel, timber,  aluminium, machinery and containers.

EBDC is one of three general cargo areas in the port, the others being Western Basin 4 Berth and Mayfield 4 Berth which is located on the former BHP Steelworks site.

Mayfield 4 Berth

Newcastle Port Corporation constructed Mayfield 4 Berth in 2010 to grow and diversify trade thriough the Port of Newcastle. The berth provides opportunity for trade in bulk, break-bulk, project and container cargoes. The facility includes:

Length: 265 metres

Depth: 12.8 metres

Hardstand: 10.000m2 for cargo handling, storage or use as an assembly area

Features: designed for mobile or rail mounted ship-to-shore cranesand heavy forklift axle loads

Newcastle Agri Terminal

Newcastle Agri Terminal (NAT) is constructing a new $28 million grain export facility which is planned to be operational by late 2013.

The project at Carrington consists of five silos which will have 60,000 tonne capacity. Rail receival facilities, conveyors and shiploading facilities are part of the project while control rooms, carpark, laboratory and inspection and sample rooms complete the infrastructure.

The terminal will use existing rail infrastructure and share access to Dyke 2 Berth at Carrington.

Stolthaven Australia

Cosntructinon of Stolthaven Australia’s $30 million bulk liquids terminal at Mayfield is also well underway.

Three 20 metre high tanks were barged from Tasmania late last year and moved to the bulk liquids precinct at Mayfield (part of the former BHP Steelworks site).

The terminal will import fuel products to the Port of Newcastle with ships expected to berth at Mayfield 4 Berth by the end of the year.

Newcastle Cruising Yacht Club Marina

The Newcastle Cruising Yacht Club (NCYC) is located at Wickham with facilities including a marina, shipyard and maintenance facilities, commercial centre and licensed club.

NCYC’s floating marina comprises 180 marina berths of varying sizes all with power and water as well as a fuel wharf dispensing diesel and unleaded petrol and effluent pump out facility.

Queens Wharf

The revitalisation of the port's southern foreshore and the construction of the Queens Wharf  complex have served to bring the community of Newcastle to within metres of some of the world's largest ships. The wharf is sometimes used for the berthing of small yachts and sailing vessels such as the tall ships James Craig and Young Endeavour.